UAL Central Saint Martins
Fall Semester Study Abroad 2017
12 - 18 credits

Semester students at Central Saint Martins have the option of enrolling in the study abroad semester or integrated semester program. The study abroad program is designed for students seeking diverse course options, flexibility and a more traditional semester abroad. Students select from two different study abroad program options, Study Abroad: Free Elective Semester Program (FESP) or Study Abroad: Fine Art.


Application Deadline
June 1, 2017
Apps accepted after deadline as space permits

Application Requirements
Complete online application
Personal statement (300-500 words)
Official transcript
One academic letter of recommendation
Digital portfolio (see Academics)
Passport scan (photo page)
Digital photo (passport style)

Highlights

  • Courses taught in the newly restored Granary building in Kings Cross
  • FESP course highlight: Study trip to Amsterdam (additional fee)

Program Dates
September 1, 2017 – December 9, 2017


Eligibility Requirements

Age: 18

Academic Year: Sophomore (2nd year) or above

* contact SAI if you don’t meet requirements

Cumulative GPA:* 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale)

English Language:* Non-native English language speakers must submit IELTS: 6.5+ (5.5+ in each skill area), or proof of study in the US for 1+ year.



FESP All Programs
FESP Fashion Design
FESP Graphic Design
Fine Art

FESP All Programs

2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC AD CM 314 | Open
Accessories are a significant and important part of the fashion industry. Accessories made for the fashion catwalk can alter the mood of a show dramatically. This elective offers a chance to communicate, develop and build in 3D. Exploring everyday, decorative and industrial materials to achieve a performative (storytelling) accessory, the purpose of this course is to develop a new relationship with the body and expand the definition of fashion design.
Materials Required:
A3 Landscape sketchbook, mix-media art materials, scissors, camera
You will be asked to resource a diverse quantity of ˜prototyping materials (eg: cardboard-plasticine-rope-washers-glass-washers-electronic components)
Note: you will be instructed on the first session what to bring for week 2
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC CE CM 310 | Open
This module explores how meaning is created and altered through editorial concepts and processes. You will learn to bring concepts to life by experimenting with different ways of editing content to be experienced and interpreted in support of your intentions.
Tasks include: collecting and organising material, defining selection criteria, recognising patterns and associations amongst random elements, developing narrative structure and sequence, and choosing appropriate production techniques.
The work of influential curators, film directors, photographers, art directors, fashion editors and editorial designers will be consulted throughout to stimulate discussion about the power of editing across disciplines.
Materials Required:
TBA
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC FC CM 311 | Open
Fashion needs to be communicated to an audience; through film, photography, styling, illustration, catwalk, graphics and design and layout. This module will work through the different ways of communicating fashion concepts, brand messages, graphic and writing styles and design and layout for digital and print. Emphasis is on observed and experiential learning. Students will work through a series of small research projects including street style, trend research and historical and cultural references.
Materials Required:
TBA
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC FI CM 313 | Open
Before a designer even makes a finished garment they will communicate their ideas through fashion illustration. Fashion illustration is not so much about capturing a likeness but a mood or a look. On this module you will learn a range of applications from using traditional materials (charcoal, chalk, watercolors, oil and soft pastels, ink, acrylic, gouache, markers) and principles of technique (proportion, line tone, scale etc), to more contemporary avant garde approaches, such as using unusual materials for mark making, creating a sensation and blind drawing for example. Along with experimenting with your own abilities, on this module you will gain knowledge of pivotal illustrators past and present, different types and styles of illustrations, plus learning about the different usage for illustrations. Some of your tutors themselves will be currently practicing fashion illustrators. Whether it is collage, painting or creating quick sketches, fashion illustration is a useful skill for communicating your ideas and can also support study on other fashion modules. The module will culminate in you finding your own style or illustration handwriting.
Materials Required:
Pad of A2 Cartridge paper
Soft Drawing pencil (3b or softer)
Large paint brush (minimum 1cm width of bristles)
Three types of colour medium: one wet material i.e. ink, gouache, acrylic or water-colour (minimum of 2 colours). Choose two from: colour pencils, chalk pastels, oil pastels, felt pens
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC FT CM 312 | Open
Textiles have had resurgence on the catwalk. Designers such as Mark Fast, Erdem and Holly Fulton place huge emphasis on textiles and textures in their work. This underlines the importance of textiles in the fashion industry. This module is designed to introduce some basic techniques for textiles including, constructed textiles - such as hand knit, stitch and hand weave, and surface textiles - such as print. You will build your own research, with your tutor through lectures, demonstrations and workshops (such as on basic colour theory). The aim of this module is that by the end you will have produced a range of samples, a textile sourcebook (containing stitch references and yarn types) and at least one sample garment/accessory. All your experimentation will be documented through drawing and photography.
Materials Required:
A3 Landscape Sketchbook, dress pins, pen, pencil & eraser, conte or charcoal, assorted colour (pastel, colour pencils, inks, gouache etc) scissors, stapler, glue stick, knife & cutting board, palette & brushes, masking tape, sewing needles, & camera
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC IE CM 315 | Open
Information Environments seeks to discover new ways of interpreting information through experimental investigations. In today's world where access to information is no longer the predominant issue (only a smart phone and a few scrolls away), we are faced with new obstacles navigation, processing and comprehension in relation to vast and complex sources and environments. This elective prompts creative practitioners from art, design and fashion to develop human centred tools for transforming information into engaging and meaningful experiences. Key to this process is finding personalised entry points into dense, uncertain and ambiguous conditions, and developing interfaces and interactions that facilitate human needs.
Materials Required:
TBA
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC MP CM 316 | Open
The Mixed Media painting module will give students a greater understanding of contemporary painting methods and materials. Students will gain experience working with acrylic paints and mediums, oil paints, mediums and resins, photo transfer, collage montage techniques and wax encaustic painting with pigments. The skills learnt during this module can help towards furthering your portfolio. The course will be structured around an initial project helping students generate ideas, which can be further developed into a series of mixed media paintings on gesso panels and canvas. Students who attend this module will learn how to explore their ideas through colour composition and experimentation with a broad range of mixed media materials.
Materials Required:
Basic tool kit including pens, pencils, sketchbook and journal
London travelcard for visiting museums, galleries and special collections
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC PH CM 317 | Open
Week 1 will be an introduction to photography, using analogue cameras with black & white film and manually operating 35mm analogue cameras (available on loan from the college). For the first session, we will also look at digital photography. A photographic brief will be set on week 1 and there will be a darkroom introduction and discussion on digital photography. On week 2 students will print their first roll of film. Weeks 3-7 will involve photographic briefs to be shot during the week and students will be using the darkroom to print photographs in black and white.
We also include a gallery visit and group crits and photographer research projects to bring a contextual awareness to student's work and critical thinking.
Materials Required:
Notebook
Pen
For the first session only, bring any digital camera, eg digital SLR Camera with memory card or even a phone camera. For remaining sessions bring a Pentax K1000 camera. Cameras can be borrowed from the college loan store. You can book by going to the loan store or via the online booking system.
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Elective Courses | Course #: EC TY CM 318 | Open
As humans we use language as our primary way to communicate. Typography is the art and technique of arranging type in order to make this communication visible. Today type exists around us in more varied ways than ever before. Regardless whether letters appear on a printed page, on screen or in a physical space, typography has a spatial capability to be seen and experienced. On our modern information society even a layperson will be using and modifying type on a daily basis. Yet a quick glance on our surroundings reveals a shocking truth: most people are absolutely clueless when it comes to using type. Even the award winning superstar designers have more than often absolutely no idea how to treat type properly. Just like building any other skills, gaining excellent typographic capabilities will take years of training and require hours and hours of practice, but if the seed has never been planted the tree won't start growing in the first place.
The process: The aim of this elective is to enable you to grow into independent manipulators and producers of content by using your typographic skills, in other words designers and artists that are not afraid of expressing their personal point of view with using type in its various forms. Thus we will be spending the next two months getting physical in order to comprehend the fundamental elements of type -- you will be touching, licking and smelling type. Well, maybe not licking, but definitely touching. You will learn how type feels and you will learn to feel type in order to use it 'right' (and perhaps 'wrong', on purpose of course)!
On our weekly sessions we will be looking into various aspects of type's existence in our contemporary lives. But our making will remain hands-on: we will be drawing type, building type, documenting type, talking type and walking type. Through these experiments, typographic examples and critical discourse as a group you will be establishing an understanding of how to use type in a meaningful way. You will be remembering the words SCALE and CoNTRAST for the rest of your life, but most importantly you will all be able to develop your own subjective understanding of what typography means to you. Each week will have a theme and will involved hands-on workshops without using any computers. The course is interactive in the sense of exploring new things by doing and presenting your work to others and group discussions.
Materials Required:
2 x A1 sized sheets of graph paper A3 pad layout paper
2 pencils (the old fashioned wooden kind) coloured pens
Scissors
Eraser
Pritt-stick
Glue tape
Ruler
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC CS CM 300 | Open
This module will provide a context for your practical studio work within current cultural theory, as well as serving as an introduction to London, a world city of unique cultural diversity. With the aim of orienting your work within a broad cultural field, seminars on the themes time, place and identity, will explore the disciplines central ideas and their application to your practice. Among key concepts we shall examine are gender, class, sexuality, multiculturalism, taste, fashion, subculture, popular culture, cultural history, mass media and globalisation. The process of orientation will then continue beyond the classroom as we investigate London itself as a rich and complex cultural text. Students will collaborate on a short research project and work independently on a written assignment.
Materials Required:
Notebook, sketchbook, camera, London A-Z, warm/waterproof clothing, suitable footwear
Contact Hours: 30
2.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC RS CM 300 | Open
This module introduces an array of research methodologies and learning resources that are relevant to studying and working across disciplines and cultures, whilst formulating ones personal approach and creative process. Through collaborative and immersive fieldwork, you will be discovering and collecting evidence of Londons rich history and diverse cultures, preparing you for the expectations and challenges required in the studio modules that follow. Each core area of Fashion, Graphic Design and Studio Art will focus on research which is specific to their subject area.
Materials Required:
Camera phone
Sketchbook
London travelcard for visiting museums, galleries and special collections
Contact Hours: 30

FESP Fashion Design

3.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC FD CM 300 | Open
In the Fashion Design 1 module, you will have the opportunity to take your two dimensional design concepts based on your research into three dimensions. This will be achieved by exploiting a technique used by many fashion designers called draping. Draping is a method of creating structures and even patterns by draping fabric on to a body form, or mannequin. As well as draping you will be shown methods of evolving and reworking found garments to develop new design ideas. This module will also introduce you to specific techniques such as pinning, cutting and manipulating fabric. In addition to practical experimentation, you will produce a body of research. This research based on your initial sketchbook work and draping, should then inspire your experimentations and help you develop your design ideas. You are encouraged to document your findings visually and with written comments as the work progresses so that by the end of the project there is a clear record of the way your ideas have developed into a final garment design.
Materials Required:
2 garments (from a charity shop/thrift store), A4 ring binder research file, A3 landscape sketchbook, dress pins, pen, pencil & eraser, chalk pastels, charcoal, scissors, stapler, glue stick, knife & cutting board, masking tape, sewing needles & thread, camera (digital)
Contact Hours: 45
4.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC FD CM 305 | Open
This module is an amalgamation of all the skills you will have learnt so far on the course and specifically follows on from the Fashion Design 1 module. In this module there will be more advanced experimentation with draping and textile experimentation. There will be an emphasis on construction, creating sophisticated 3D realizations of your 2D concepts, also focus on sketchbook and presentation skills for your portfolio preparation. You will generate a capsule collection considering; seasons, materials, colour range, costing, your market, and other issues that would have to be considered in the role of a fashion designer.
Materials Required:
Your ongoing A4 ring binder research file, A3 landscape sketchbook, dress pins, pen, pencil & eraser, chalk pastels, charcoal, scissors, stapler, glue stick, knife & cutting board, masking tape, sewing needles & thread, camera (digital)
Contact Hours: 60

FESP Graphic Design

3.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC GD CM 300 | Open
This module explores London's thriving culture of graphic design, deeply involved with its art, fashion and music scenes. You will learn how to conceive, produce and publish your own content informed by local practices and interactions with the city and its people. Concerned with quality of thought over quality of finish, priority will be given to discovering and developing a personal approach to the discipline through idea generation, conceptual thinking and experimentation. Outcomes will be used as the basis for Graphic Design 2. Our studio functions as a laboratory for articulating, exchanging and testing ideas. Collective peer-led feedback focuses on the relationship between intentions and actions, responsive to the aims set by each student. Assigned readings and exhibition visits also stimulate dialogue and expand vocabulary about contemporary methodologies. This module sequence is ideal for students studying graphic design (or equivalent subject) seeking an educational adventure at the intersection of design, school and life. Students need previous graphic design experience in order to apply.
Materials Required:
Digital recording/playback device (laptop, iPhone, etc.) + headphones/earphones.
Free sound editing software (Garageband, Audacity, etc.)
Contact Hours: 45
4.0 Credits
Mandatory Courses | Course #: MC GD CM 305 | Open
Building upon the conceptual framework and outcomes created during Graphic Design 1 and elective modules, this module is dedicated to the production and implementation of your ideas, focused on challenging conventional expectations of what graphic design can and should be. You will learn how to harness and hone your personal approach in relation to set parameters, improvising new strategies and methods along the way. Quality of thought will be key again, but equal consideration will be given to quality of finish as you work towards designing a final outcome to be shown and experienced at the end of term exhibition. Debates about accessibility, display, systems and voice, among other concerns, will guide your process and understanding of the complex contextual factors that confront graphic designers. Our Clerkenwell-based studio will continue to serve as an incubator for hatching and growing ideas, while doubling as a hands-on workshop for putting theory to practice. Midway through the module, a leading practitioner will be invited to contribute to the dialogue about your in-progress efforts, assigned readings and exhibition visits. This module sequence is ideal for students studying graphic design (or equivalent subject) seeking an educational adventure at the intersection of design, school and life. Students need previous Graphic Design experience in order to apply.
Materials Required:
Graphic Design: A Users Manual (Laurence King, 2009)
Digital recording/playback device (laptop, iPhone, etc.) + headphones/earphones.
Free sound editing software (Garageband, Audacity, etc.)
Contact Hours: 60

Fine Art

15.0 Credits
Mandatory Course | Course #: MC FA CM 300 | Open
This unit will help you to develop a body of work within your chosen pathway, to test and articulate your concerns and to demonstrate your ideas and practice through an artist residency project, a studio display of your work, and an accompanying artists statement and publication. At the core of your Study Abroad unit, you will receive support in developing a committed and independent studio practice. Regular individual and group tutorials will challenge you and help you to test, analyse and evaluate your evolving body of work. The unit begins with an artist residency project: a project in which students work as a group and as individual artists to research and make experimental responses to a London-based cultural resource. This artist residency typically takes place within the context of a London based gallery or museum. The project will introduce you to the professional context of an artist residency, as well as challenging you to experiment freely with materials and develop a confident and critical approach to making work. With the support of personal tutorials and dialogue with gallery curators and visiting artists, you will develop a unique approach to art making and relevant portfolio presentation skills. Through this artist residency you will undertake a series of experiments to be developed in the studio throughout the term.
As an integral part of your continuing studio practice you will be part of a critical studies seminar group. This will help you to engage in current debates and further develop your familiarity with art and visual culture. Whilst you continue your practice, you are guided in your reading of specific texts and works, given bibliographic advice for further study and encouraged to discuss your related ideas in seminars. Mid way through the unit, you will begin to work in cross-pathway groups (2D, 3D, 4D and XD) which relate to your chosen seminar group. In these cross-pathway groups, you will explore common ideas and concepts, and expand chosen themes. Individually and together, you will deepen your artistic concerns and engage with the potential and challenges of different types of institutional and exhibition space through related curatorial discussions. Through critical studies and cross-pathway activity, you will expand your critical skills around your own and others work and ideas, enabling you to construct an artists statement in which you will articulate the concerns and approaches of your practice and its context. The unit will culminate with a studio display of your work made throughout the term, and the production of a collaborative publication devised and edited as a group. This publication will include both textual and image based responses.
Contact Hours: 225

Study Abroad: Free Elective Semester Program
Students wanting a diverse course curriculum can enroll in the CSM Free Elective Semester Program (FESP), which allows greater latitude in course selection. CSM FESP offers courses within two concentrations, Fashion Design and Graphic Design. Each concentration consists of 11 credits of mandatory courses and the choice of several elective courses for a program total of 12 – 18 US credits.

Study Abroad: Fine Art
Fine art students can enroll in the new 14 week study abroad semester that incorporates the standard Fine Art Integrated Program with additional projects and instructor support. The added projects conclude over an additional 4 weeks after the 10 weeks of the integrated semester have ended. This hybrid program has replaced the Studio Art study abroad FESP program option.

Portfolio Requirements
20-24 image digital portfolio. Portfolios should demonstrate art and design development, whether in a college project or in your personal work. It should have originated from your own experience and visual research, and have progressed through stages to a finished piece. It is important that the work you include reflects and demonstrates your creative thinking, initiative and personal commitment to a particular project, in addition to showing a breadth of work. You must also include a sketchbook showing the origin of ideas displayed in your portfolio in notes and pictorial form, and helping demonstrate your research and creative process. Please ensure that images have been sized down appropriately (for example, jpegs should not exceed 20 MB, multi-page PDFs should not exceed 50MB).

Courses & Registration
Students complete course registration during the SAI application process by selecting their elective course choices to be taken alongside 7 credits of mandatory courses. Final schedules with course days and times are provided at academic orientation.


Pre-Departure Calendar
June 1 2017
Application Deadline
Applications accepted after deadline as space permits.
Within 1 week of acceptance
SAI Deposits Due
$500 Confirmation Deposit (applied toward program fee)
$300 Security Deposit (refundable)
May 1 2017
50% of Total Program Fee Due*
*Students who are accepted and submit SAI deposits after this date will have an amended pay schedule. Either 50% or 100% of Program Fee will be due within 5 business days, based on the date of acceptance.
June 15 2017
SAI Scholarship Application Deadline
Students wishing to apply for an SAI scholarship must have all application items submitted by 11:59pm Pacific Time on this date.
July 1 2017
SAI Financial Aid Verification Deadline
Students wishing to defer payment until student loan disbursement must submit the financial aid verification forms to SAI by this date.
July 1 2017
Balance of Total Program Fee Due
August 1 2017
SAI Pre-Departure Form Due

On-Site Calendar
September 1 2017
Arrival & Housing Check-in
Students arrive into any London airport, most common: Heathrow (LHR) or Gatwick (LGW). Airport pick-up is provided between 10am and 6pm. Apartment check-in begins at 2pm.
September 2 2017
SAI Orientation & Welcome Dinner
Mandatory SAI orientation introduces students to their city while covering safety, policies, housing, and culture. Following orientation, students are welcomed with a great meal!
September 4 2017
Academic Orientation & Welcome Day
Mandatory academic orientation and welcome day, which includes lunch and a walking tour.
September 5 2017
Classes Begin
Coming Soon
Semester Break and FESP Study Trip to Amsterdam (if applicable)
December 8 2017
Classes End
December 9 2017
Program End & Housing Check-out
Students must move out of SAI housing by 10:00am to return home or pursue independent travel.
SAI Program Fees* USD
Application Fee $100
Security Deposit
Refundable at the end of the term.
$300
Program Fee
Includes tuition, standard housing and SAI Signature Services (see What’s Included).
$18,550
Optional / Additional Fees:
Optional Private Room Housing Supplement
Private room in a shared apartment, with a shared bathroom.
$5,900
Optional Study Trip to Amsterdam: FESP Only
Fee includes flights, accommodation for four nights and the 1-credit course
$1,000
International Mailing Supplement
Students residing outside the U.S. are charged an international mailing supplement to ensure visa paperwork arrives in a timely manner.
$85

*prices are subject to change

Please note: students from some affiliate universities have different payment arrangements that may require students to pay different deposits to SAI and some fees directly to the affiliate university instead of SAI. Please contact your study abroad office or the SAI business department for further details.

Budget Low Est. High Est.
Airfare to/from London
$900 $1,200
Books, Supplies & Course Fees
$300 / term $500 / term
Meals
Includes groceries and eating out.
$500 / month $800 / month
Personal Expenses $250 / month $350 / month
Transportation within London
Public transportation with some taxi rides.
$100 / month $250 / month
Weekend Travel
Cost varies greatly by student.
$300 / month $1,000 / month

This is an SAI Signature Services Program; it includes our full services!

  • Program tuition and U.S. academic credit
  • Accommodation in carefully selected student housing
  • Airport pickup and transportation on arrival day
  • Student health insurance providing full coverage and medical emergency evacuation
  • Cell phone rental with free incoming calls and texts while in host country
  • Staff on-site dedicated to providing personal assistance
  • Orientation to the host city and school
  • SAI weekend excursion
  • Frequent cultural activities and day trips
  • 24-hour on-site emergency support

Pre-departure and Re-entry services

  • Admissions counselor assigned to you, providing friendly assistance throughout your study abroad experience
  • Helpful pre-departure tools and resources
  • Online student groups to acquaint you with other SAI students
  • Assistance with student visa application
  • Assistance with financial aid and loan processing
  • Paid registration fees for national re-entry conferences
  • SAI Ambassador Program for SAI alumni, with paid internship opportunities
  • SAI alumni network

SAI offers activities, at no extra cost, for students to get to know their community, city and country. Following is a sample of the activities included in this program. Please note that actual activities may differ.

Welcome Event
Students are welcomed to their new city over a delicious dinner to mingle and get to know each other.

London Walking Tour
Students visit the Western part of the city accompanied by one of the finest local guides. The tour covers major sights such as Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Trafalgar Square, but also takes students through quaint back streets to experience the true spirit of London.

Pub History Tour
Through old alleyways and amongst other famous sights of the city, students explore 2,000 years of London’s best pubs and inns, tabernas, alehouses and coaching inns frequented by famous poets and writers such as Oscar Wilde and Charles Dickens.

An Evening in London’s West End
London’s West End is the world’s premier home of English language theatre—a fact that even the most avid Broadway addict will (quietly and begrudgingly) admit. Students get to enjoy a top rated West End musical or play to experience what all the hype is about.

Weekend Trip to Bath, Somerset and Stonehenge
Students enjoy a weekend trip that begins in Bath with a traditional English pub lunch, followed by guided tours of the Fashion Museum and the Roman Baths. Students also take a whirlwind tour of some of the most famous historical sites in Wiltshire, including Lacock village, Castle Combe, the Avebury Stone Circles, and of course, Stonehenge.

Thanksgiving Dinner
Students spend an evening together with a traditional American Thanksgiving Dinner at one of London’s top American restaurants. The evening provides delicious food and great company, for a little home comfort.

Farewell Event
Students celebrate the end of a great term and say their goodbyes over a pint!

Standard Housing: Student apartment
SAI student apartments are convenient, clean, and well equipped, with shared occupancy bedrooms (upgrade to private bedroom available). Apartments are within a 30 minute walk/tube ride of all London campuses. Typical residences house 2 – 8 students and contain a combination of private and shared bedrooms, kitchen, bathroom and living areas. Furnishings, a washing machine, basic kitchen supplies, bed linens and towels are provided. All apartments are equipped with wireless internet. SAI on-site staff is available to respond to any maintenance needs that may arise.

Alternate Housing: Independent
Students seeking independent housing can do so, for a reduction in the SAI program fee. Please contact SAI for details.

Passports
Passports should be valid for 3 months after planned departure from the UK.

Student Visas
European Union citizens attending any SAI London school for an academic term do not require a student visa. United States citizens attending any London school for one academic term (6 months or less) do not require a student visa prior to arrival. All others should check with the British Embassy to determine if a visa is required and the process for obtaining one.

Our Student Visa Office is available to assist students requiring a visa; SAI provides student visa consulting for all our students at no cost.

About SAI

SAI Programs is dedicated to providing academic and cultural learning experiences abroad that enhance global awareness, professional development and social responsibility. We concentrate our programs in Europe, with a focus on in-depth learning of individual European countries and their unique global role in the geopolitical economy, humanities, and in the arts.